With this crucial supply route now open to the Soviet Union, the Persian Corridor would provide a massive flow of supplies (over 5 million tons of materiel) to the Soviets primarily, but also the British in the Middle East. The new Shah signed a Treaty of Alliance with Britain and the Soviet Union in January 1942, under which Iran provided nonmilitary assistance to the Allied war effort. Article Five of this treaty, although not entirely trusted by the Iranian leader, committed the Allies to leaving Iran "not more than six months after the cessation of hostilities". In September 1943, Iran declared war on Germany, thus qualifying for membership in the United Nations. At the Tehran Conference in November of that year, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and General Secretary Joseph Stalin reaffirmed their commitment to Iran's independence and territorial integrity and displayed a willingness to extend economic assistance to Iran. The effects of the war, however, were very disruptive for Iran. Food and other essential items were scarce. Severe inflation imposed great hardship on the lower and middle classes.
In summer of 1943, Abwehr's Operation Francois was an attempt to use the dissident Qashqai people in Iran to sabotage British and American supplies bound for the Soviet Union.
Also in 1943, Operation Long Jump was an unsuccessful German plot to assassinate the "Big Three" Allied leaders, Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin Roosevelt, at the Tehran Conference.During the three years of occupation, Stalin had expanded Soviet political influence in Azerbaijan and the Kurdish area in northwestern Iran, as well as in Iran founding the communist Tudeh Party of Iran. On 12 December 1945, after weeks of violent clashes a Soviet-backed separatist People's Republic of Azerbaijan was founded. The Kurdish People's Republic was also established in late 1945. Iranian government troops sent to reestablish control were blocked by Soviet Red Army units.
When the deadline for withdrawal arrived on 2 March 1946, six months after the end of World War II hostilities, the British began to withdraw, but Moscow refused, "citing threats to Soviet security."
Soviet troops did not withdraw from Iran proper until May, 1946 following Iran's official complaint to the newly-formed United Nations Security Council, which became the first complaint filed by a country in the U.N.'s history, and a test for the UN's effectiveness in resolving global issues in the aftermath of World War II. However, the UNSC took no direct steps in pressuring the Soviets to withdraw
The United States exerted intense pressure on the Soviet Union in stages to force the withdrawal of the Red Army from Iran and reduce Soviet influence. Following an official US protest, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 2, on January 30, 1946; the Soviets replied on March 24, 1946 and pledged immediate withdrawal, but in fact remained for a few more weeks.
In a second stage through the spring, the US supported the Iranian complaint against Soviet actions lodged with the Security Council in Resolution 3 and Resolution 5.
In a third stage in mid December 1946, the US supported the shah’s government to send the Iranian army to re-occupied Mahabad and Azerbaijan. The leaders of the Azerbaijan enclave in Iran fled to the Azerbaijan SSR, and the leaders of the Kurdish Republic were tried and sentenced to death. They were hanged in Chwarchira Square in the center of Mahabad in 1947.
A fourth stage was initiated in 1947 and centered on the issue of Soviet designs on Iran's northern oil resources. Following the election that year of a new Majlis, the newly elected deputies were reluctant to ratify the Soviet-Iranian oil agreement, which had been concluded under duress in March 1946 and had granted the Soviets 51% ownership and de facto control. On September 11, 1947, US ambassador George V. Allen publicly decried intimidation and coercion used by foreign governments to secure commercial concessions in Iran, and promised full US support for Iran to freely decide about its own natural resources. With this unequivocal encouragement, the Majlis refused to ratify the Soviet oil agreement on October 22, 1947; the vote was 102 to 2
Amir Khusro, one of the most versatile personalities of medieval India, was born in 653 Hijri (1255 AD) 1253 in a place called Patiyali, Uttar Pradesh. His real name was Ab'ul Hasan Yamin al-Din Khusrow whereas Amir Khusro was his pen name. Also known as Amir Khusro Dehlavi, this creative classical poet was associated with the royal empires of more than seven rulers of Delhi. The life history of Amir Khusrao is truly an inspiring one and he is considered to be one of the first recorded Indian dignitaries who is also a household name. Read on further about Amir Khusro biography.
Known for his immense contribution in literature and music, this legendary personality was born of a Turkish father and an Indian mother in a village in India. He lost his father at a young age and then moved in with his maternal grandparents. His grandfather served as an attendance master of soldiers at the royal palace of emperor Ghayasuddin Balban. Khusro was exposed to all famous literary figures of his time when he accompanied his grandfather to the royal courts to attend the private congregations. Amir KhusroThis inspired him to take up poetry and indulge in fine arts like music. He also learnt horse riding and received training in martial arts. The famous Sufi saint Hazrat Nizamuddin Auliya was his spiritual mentor.
Amir Khusro is often acknowledged for creating "Khayal" of north Indian classical music known as Hindustani. He modified raga Dhrupad and added Persian tunes and beats to it. He created Qawali on the likes of bhajans. The poems he wrote were in Persian and a combination of Bhojpuri and Persian, which he called as Hindvi. These poems later were developed into Hindi and Urdu.
Probably Khayal originated from Qawalis that he created on the lines of Bhajans. He wrote poetry in Persian as well as what he called Hindvi ... a combination of local Bhojpuri and Persian, which later evolved into Hindi and Urdu. Many of his poems are even today used in Hindustani Classical as bandishes and as Ghazals by Ghazal singers.
During the reign of Ghyasuddeen Tuglag 18 shawaal 725 Hijri 1324AD Hazrat Abul Hassan Amir Khusru took wafaat “Inna Lillahi va Inna Ilaihi Raajiuun”. And his Mazaar is at the feet of Hazrat Nizamuddeen Auliya Mehboobe Ilahi Ra.
Iranian TV has recently aired a documentary titled "Hunter in a Trap", about Iranian intelligence services revealing and capturing CIA spies in the country, the young journalists club website reported.
The documentary features a man, who calls himself "Matthew Waluk" from Slovenia, that describes how the operation was set up.
According to him, in 2008 he established a website online, that offered bogus jobs in Slovenia, in the spheres of science, biotechnology, IT, and others.After several Iranians got interested in the offer, the website forwarded their names and other sensitive information to the CIA.
There are six people in the video, who are presented as CIA's undercover agents in Iran, and their numerous meetings at different hotels, streets, shops and other places are shown.
The detainees speak about their missions in the film as well.
In 2011, Iranian media reported that 12 agents of the American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) who were targeting its military and nuclear programme, were arrested in Tehran.
Matthew Waluk "new project CIA spy to infiltrate America to our elite strata of the wealth of information gained from the advances of science, but caught like spines.
Watch Urdu documentary on Hunter - hunting the CIA spy in Iran -
Documentary "hunter" arrested spy adventure Mission Information Services America (CIA) in Iran by anonymous soldiers of Imam (as) were arrested.
The school of Islamic theology, Feyziyeh was founded (Mar, 24, 1922 AD) in the city of Qom by Sheikh Abdolkarim Haeri Yazdi. This institution somehow turned the small city of Qom into Iran's version of Vatican and the center for educating Shiite clerics. The foundation of this school also known as Howzeye Elmiy
eh, also turned the city into a political heavyweight inside Iran. Before the foundation of this school, the students who sought Shiite teachings used to go to Najaf in Iraq where most prominent Shiite leaders used to have classes. The holy shrine of Imam Reza's sister is located in Qom and it has always been a center for visiting pilgrims. After the regime change in 1979, the city which is located near the desert became a center of attention and flow of capital caused it to become overpopulated. Strangely enough, the city is unofficially known to have highest rates of corruption in Iran following Mashhad.
Every generation has a few moments in history which are pivotal enough that we will never forget where we were when they happened. For many of us, the declaration of war on Iraq is one of those moments, and today is the tenth anniversary of that world-changing day.
On March 19, 2003, America (joined by coalition forces) officially declared war on Iraq, joined by coalition forces. Every television in America tuned in to hear U.S. President George W. Bush speak these words:
“At this hour, American and coalition forces are in the early stages of military operations to disarm Iraq, to free its people and to defend the world from grave danger.”
The grave danger that the President spoke of was the belief that Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein was either in possession of or in the process of building weapons of mass destruction. To this day, no WMDs have ever been found in Iraq.
After Iraq’s major cities were captured and secured, and the regime believe to be defeated, President Bush declared the end of “major combat operations” on May 1, 2003, less than two months after the operations began. Despite the announced victory over Iraq’s conventional military forces, the insurgency’s guerrilla warfare efforts have continued, killing thousands of soldiers, insurgents and civilians.
Hussein went into hiding soon after the American attacks began, communicating with his people through occasional audio recordings, and was eventually found and captured inside of a small hole in the ground.
During his time in hiding, the Iraqi people elected a 275-member National Assembly, and a new constitution was ratified in October 2006. One month after the constitution was ratified, Hussein was tried and found guilty of crimes against humanity. He was executed on December 30, 2006.
The Pentagon called the US air strike against Baghdad a "target of opportunity" - a chance to attack leadership targets in the hope of killing senior Iraqi commanders. It was not the launch of full-scale hostilities.
The attack was carried out by F-117 Stealth fighters, but cruise missiles were also fired from four US navy warships and two submarines.
The following day (21 March) the US and British launched a massive aerial assault on Baghdad in what the US called its "shock and awe" strategy. At the same time, ground forces were advancing into southern Iraq.
Iraqi forces resisted the American-led coalition troops until 9 April when a giant statue of the Iraqi leader was toppled by demonstrators in Baghdad but the man himself escaped into hiding.
On 15 April a first meeting was held to talk about a new regime in Iraq.
The US formally handed over power to the Iraqis on 28 June 2004. Saddam Hussein was captured in December 2003, tried by an Iraqi court, sentenced to death and hanged on 30 December 2006.
Jolly LLB about the movie: Directed by Subhash Kapoor Jolly LLB movie is a satire comedy on the law system of the country, where a small town lawyer Jolly (Arshad Warsi) is pitted against a hugely successful lawyer,played by Boman Irani. Jolly LLB also features Saurabh Shukla, Amrita Rao and Mohan Kapoor. Saurabh Shukla will be seen enacting the character of a Judge, whereas Amrita Rao will be seen playing the role of Jolly's ladylove. The story of Jolly LLB actually follows with a struggling lawyer named as Jolly (Arshad Warsi) who wants to make it big in life like his idol (Boman Irani). However when he is given a court case to fight against his own idol, Jolly must prove his worth, his skills as a lawyer, and lastly to win the case. Jolly LLB is produced under the banner of Fox Star Studios, the case of 'Jolly L.L.B' reopens on March 15 so wait and watch Jolly LLB on Urdu Movies.
Genre: Social / Comedy
Director: Subhash Kapoor
Producer: Fox Star Studios
Music Director: Krsna
Arshad Warsi.... Jagdish Tyagi aka Jolly
Vibha Chibbar.... Judge
Aatma about the movie: Aatma is a psychological horror thriller movie. Aatma is Written and directed by Suparn Verma. The movie Aatma is starring Bipasha Basu and Nawazuddin Siddiqui in lead role. Shernaz Patel and child artist Doyel Dhawan are also in the movie Aatma in their respective roles.
The story of Aatma movie revolves around Maya who is a single mother and has managed to escape the cycle of ill-treatment, exploitation and domestic-violence from her husband after his death. However her sense of peace is being shattered now when she discovered that the evil-ghost of her husband now possesses their daughter. Due to deep attachment of a father to his daughter, the evil-ghost of Maya's husband is now having a vice intention to kill the poor child and hoping to take her with him in another world, away from her mother, which he is hating to the core. Check out the movie Aatma to find out How Maya makes an attempt to escape from this horrifying and spine-chilling situation, and tries to save her beloved daughter. Aatma is Produced by Kumar Mangat Pathak and Abhishek Pathak and the movie Aatma is produced under the banner of Kumar Mangat Pathak and Abhishek Pathak, 'Aatma' is available to watch online on Urdu Movies.
Director: Suparn Verma
Producer: Kumar Mangat Pathak and Abhishek Pathak
Music Director: Sangeet Haldipur and Siddharth Haldipur
He is not of me who, when he speaketh, speaketh falsely; who, when he promiseth, breaketh his promises; and who, when trust is reposed in him, faileth in his trust.
No man is true in the truest sense of the word but he who is true in work, in deed, and in thought.
Strive always to excel in virtue and truth.
It is not worthy of a speaker of truth to curse people.
Appropriate to yourselves the truth. Avoid lying.
Say what is true, although it may be bitter and displeasing to people.
Among the aspects of being truthful is the servant's truthfulness in his repentance. Therefore, if he is truthful and sincere in his repentance, Allah would certainly accept it. Allah, the Almighty says: "O you who believe! Repent to God with a most sincere repentance." (66:8)
I call upon myself first and all of you to be God-fearing and obey Him, Exalted be He, who says:"O you who believe! Be ever God-fearing! And be with those who are ever truthful." (9:119)
Telling the truth is a key for all doors of goodness that may lead to Paradise. Iman (faith) and lying can never exist together in the heart of the believer. Allah, the Almighty says: "As to the ones who forge such lies, they are the ones who do not believe in the revealed signs of God. Thus it is they who are the liars." (16:105) The Prophet (pbuh) also said: "The complete believer may have any characteristic in his nature except treachery and lying." A Muslim can be a coward or a miser but can never be a liar. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was asked, "Can the believer be a coward?" He said, "Yes." He was asked, "Can the believer be a miser?" He said, "Yes." He was asked, "Can the believer be a liar?" He said, "No."
Truthfulness is a mean by which can help the servant attain the pleasure and the love of Allah. Allah, Exalted be He, has made clear in the Qur'an that telling the truth is also a way for attaining success and salvation on the Day of Judgment. Allah, the Almighty says: "This is the Day when the truthful shall benefit from their truthfulness. For them are Gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they shall abide, forever and ever, God being well-pleased with them, and they well-pleased with Him. This is the magnificent triumph." (5:119)
The pillars of truthfulness can be completed when the believer becomes truthful towards his Lord, the Prophet (pbuh), himself and the society. Being truthful towards Allah, the Almighty demands obeying Him and drawing closer to Him. Being truthful towards His Messenger (pbuh) demands following and emulating him. Being truthful towards himself demands self-accountability to realize the mistakes and correct them. Being truthful towards the society demands sincerity in work in order to achieve the well-being for himself and the society. The more you become truthful, the more you become beneficial to your family and the society and even help achieve their welfare and stability.
O servants of Allah,
Being truthful requires honesty and sincerity in words, deeds and all situations. Being truthful in words entails restraining the tongue from telling any lies even for jokes. The Prophet (pbuh) used to joke but he would only speak the truth. He (pbuh) said: "I guarantee a house in the middle of Paradise for he who leaves lying even when joking."
Being truthful in deeds demands adherence to the obedience of Allah, being conscious of Him privately and openly and to avoid any sign of hypocrisy that eats up the rewards and the good deeds.
Being truthful in all situations requires sincerity of hearts and limbs by the virtue of the fact that the heart can't desire and the limbs can't respond except for whatever pleases Allah, the Almighty. The Prophet (pbuh) said: "Hold on to truth, for being truthful leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. Verily, a man will keep saying the truth and striving for truth, until he is written before Allah as very truthful (Siddiq). Beware of lying, for lying leads to sin, and sin leads to the Fire. Verily, the man will keep lying and striving for falsehood until he is written before Allah as a great liar."
The believer should be keen and adhere to tell the truth, following the example of the Prophet (pbuh). Khadijah, the Prophet's wife (may Allah be pleased with her) addressed the Prophet (pbuh) saying: "Be glad! I swear by Allah that He will never disgrace you for you are kind to your kith and kin and you speak only the truth."
May Allah, the Almighty make us among the truthful in words, deeds and all situations and help us obey Him and those He has ordained us to obey. Allah, Exalted be He, says: "O you who believe! Obey God, and obey the Messenger, and those (Muslims) charged with authority."(4:59).
Allameh Ali Akbar Dehkhoda (1879–March 9, 1956) was a prominent Iranian linguist, and author of the most extensive dictionary of the Persian language ever published.Dehkhoda was born in Tehran to parents from Qazvin. His father died when he was only 10 years old. Dehkhoda quickly excelled in Persian literature, Arabic and French and graduated from College studying political science.
He was also active in politics, and served in the Majles as a Member of Parliament from Kerman and Tehran. He also served as Dean of Tehran School of Political Science and later the School of Law of the University of Tehran.In 1903, he went to the Balkan Peninsula as an Iranian embassy employee, but came back to Iran two years later and became involved in the Constitutional Revolution of Iran.
In Iran Dehkhoda, Mirza Jahangir Khan and Ghasem Khan had been publishing the Sur-e Esrafil newspaper for about two years, but the authoritarian king Mohammad Ali Shah disbanded the parliament and banished Dehkhoda and some other liberalists into exile in Europe. There he continued publishing articles and editorials, but when Mohammad Ali Shah was deposed in 1911, he returned to the country and became a member of the new Majles.He is buried in Ebn-e Babooyeh cemetery in Shahr-e Ray, near Tehran.
In his article "First Iranian Scholar who authored the Most Extensive & Comprehensive Farsi Dictionary," Manouchehr Saadat Noury wrote that,The literary and commentary works of Ali Akbar Dehkhoda (AAD) actually started through his collaboration with Journal of Soor Esrafeel where he created a satirical political column entitled as Nonsense or Fiddle-Faddle (in Persian: Charand Parand). The Persian term of Dakho was his signature or his pen name for that column. Dakho means not only as the Administrator of a Village (in Persian: Dehkhoda or Kadkhoda), but it also refers to a Naive or an Unsophisticated Person (in Persian: Saadeh Lowh).Dehkhoda translated Montesquieu's De l'esprit des lois (The Spirit of the Laws) into Persian. He has also written Amsal o Hekam ("Proverbs and Mottos") in four volumes, a French-Persian Dictionary, and other books, but his lexicographic masterpiece is Loghat-naameh-ye Dehkhoda ("Dehkhoda Dictionary"), the largest Persian dictionary ever published, in 15 volumes. Dr. Mohammad Moin accomplished Dehkhoda's unfinished volumes according to Dehkhoda's request after him. Finally the book was published after forty five years of efforts of Dehkhoda.
Ali Akbar Dehkhoda was born inTehran 1879. His father, Khan Baba Khan Ghazvini, died when his son was only nine years old.
Dehkhoda studied theology, Islamic law and literature under the tutelage of Shaykh Qolam-Hossein Boroujerdi. In December 1899, Dehkhoda enrolled in the School of Political Science. After completing his studies, Dehkhoda was retained as a secretary by the Ghajar dignitary and ambassador to Balkan countries, and studied for the next two years, primarily inVienna, Austria.In these years he completed his French language.
Dehkhoda"s returned to Iran, in 1905, coincided with the Iranian Constitutional Revolution and soon became an important participant in that movement. His literary and commentary work began with his collaboration with
Sur-Esrafil newspaperfounded by Mirza Jahangir Khan Shirazi, known as Sur-Esrafil, and Qasem Khan Tabrizi. Dehkhoda wrote a satirical political column titledCharand-o-Parandunder the nickname Dakho which became quite popular and controversial. Sur Esrafil was a popular newspaper among the people.
With the bombardment of the Iranian Parliament by Mohammad Ali Shah, Dehkhoda was arrested and forced into exile since was one of the members of liberation movement while his friend and collaborator, Sur Esrafil was executed by the order of the Shah.
While in exile, first in Paris and then toSwitzerland, Dehkhoda with the aid of other Iranian exiles in Paris published Sur-Esrafil. The center of Sur-Esrafil publishing had become as Iranians’ gathering center. This newspaper was distributed in all over the world in that time. With the revolutionaries" march on Tehran and the final defeat of Mohammad Ali Shah in 1910, Dehkhoda was asked to return to Iran, having been nominated and elected as a parliment deputy by the people of Tehran.
During World War I, Dehkhoda took sanctuary among the Bakhtiaris in the Chahar Mahal area and upon the conclusion of the war returned toTehran. From this time, Dehkhoda withdrew from public and political life and immersed himself in literary and scholarly works. It was during this period that he undertook the monumental task of writing his
Persian Encyclopedia, as well as producing other literary and scholarly works on Persian literature and language.
Dehkhoda’s Persian Encyclopedia, is the conclusion of his attempt during forty years. This book contains of different words with their meanings and also Historical and Geographical information. More than thousands Turkish, Arabic, Indian, German, French, English, Russian words which are used in Persian language are found in this book. Persian grammar is another advantage of this book which has been described completely.
The uprising of people in Tabriz to commemorate Arba’een of the martyrs of Qom uprising (Arba’een is a memorial service, according to Shi’ite customs, that is hold 40 days after a person’s death).18 February 1978, Iranians demonstrated to commemorate the dead students and to protest the government. Over 100 people were killed in Tabriz. The 9 January 1978 (Dey 19, 1356) protest in the holy city of Qom against a libelous story about the Ayatollah Khomeini was perhaps the first major protest of the revolution. The official death toll of monarchy was nine. U.S. diplomats first reported to Washington that 20 to 30 died, then fourteen. Rumors spread immediately that one hundred or more were killed, and "opposition estimates ranged up to 300." Public opinion at the time as reflected in "a small survey in Tehran the following week" found that "more people believed the opposition's casualty figures than the government's".
But a list recently produced by the Center for Documents on the Islamic Revolution, a "pro-revolutionary institute" found five people died in the protest.
40 days later, on 18 February 1978, (Bahman 29), groups in a number of cities marched to honour the fallen and protest against the rule of the Shah. The state brought in "troops and tanks from nearby bases." This time, violence erupted in the northwestern city of Tabriz, were according to the opposition five hundred demonstrators were killed, ten according to the government. "A recent pro-revolutionary review of the event, however, have stated definitively that the total was 13 dead."
Sheikh Ragheb Harb (1952–1984) was a Lebanese resistance leader and Muslim cleric. He was born in Jebsheet, a village in the Jabal Amel region of Southern Lebanon. Harb was an imam and led regional resistance against Israeli occupation Shiite resistance until he was assassinated by Israelis on 16 February 1984. Danny Abdalla, a Lebanese criminal living in Denmark, admitted to having killed Harb on behalf of the Israelis, and also claimed to have participated in the kidnapping of Harb's successor, Abdul Karim Obeyd. As a result, Hezbollah put him on their death list, and he is wanted in Lebanon. According to one source, Harb's supporters would go on to form the Lebanese paramilitary and political organization Hezbollah. He belonged to the first Shiite party in Lebanon "Amal Movement".
3G about the movie: 3G is frightening and terrifying story of Sam Arora and Sheena, a couple, who become victims of a series of events when Sam purchases a 3G enabled second hand phone in Fiji islands during their holiday visit. 3G is written and directed by Sheershak Anand and Shantanu Ray Chhibber, '3G' is a supernatural thriller horror movie starring Neil Nitin Mukesh and Sonal Chauhan in lead role. One night they receive a Phantom Call that changes their lives forever. They must face the unbelievable truth that the phone is somehow responsible for all that the scary things happening to them and around them. It seems like the only way to stay alive is to untangle the mystery of the phone, but as the story moves on further, that becomes harder and harder to carry out. Technology is a part of our lives, what happens when technology wants to take our lives? 3G embodies the horror of a recurring nightmare that draws inspiration from the insecurities of modern life. In spite of all our technology and sophistication, we can't escape the unknown (mysterious truth). 3G movie is produced by Sunil A Lulla and Viki Rajani. Get ready for the killer connection '3G' on March 15, 2013.