Attar of Nishapur Commemoration Day

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Born c. 1145 C.E. Nishapur                                                                        Died c. 1220 C.E. Nishapur
Commemorating one of Iran’s most renowned mystic poets; a group of university lecturers and scholars of Persian literature gathered in the culture art and communications research center of the Iranian culture ministry to mark the world Attar Day.Fariduddin Attar Neishabouri or the Attar of Nishapur was a Persian Muslim poet, theoretician of Sufism and hagiographer of the 11th and 12th century, who left an everlasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism.He was also a skillful doctor. Attar was a pen-name which he took for his occupation. Attar means herbalist or perfumist and during his lifetime in Persia, much of 1220 Attar was killed at the age of 70 in a brutal attack by the Mongols during the invasion of Iran.He was buried near Neishabour, in north east Iran.Every year numerous ceremonies are held by Attar lovers across Iran on his birthday. Their aim is to preserve Attar’s legacy by discussing his life and works. Throughout his life Attar became a source of inspiration for many scholars and mystic poets.Medicine and drugs were based on herbs. Therefore, by profession he was similar to a modern-day town doctor and pharmacist.InThere are dozens of books attributed to Attar Neishabouri but the question whether all the works that have been ascribed to him are really from his pen has not been solved. In his writings Attar has only mentioned the names of seven books which he had written including his most outstanding book Manteq-o-Tayr in which he refers to seven valleys of love that a mystic will have to travel in order to reach to reach perfection. Perhaps the most imminent figure inspired by Attar’s school of thought was the world renowned Iranian poet Rumi who praised Attar.Rumi quoted:” Attar has roamed through the seven cities of love while we have barely turned down the first street.”For several centuries the works of Attar have affected the literature of a wide region of Persian speaking countries.

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